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Hurricane Landfalls in July: Find Out Which States Have Experienced the Most
Published: July 12, 2017
More than half of all hurricane landfalls in the continental U.S. in July have occurred in just two states.
Since 1850, 27 hurricanes have made 28 landfalls in the U.S. and 15 of those landfalls were in Texas and Florida.
(MORE: Hurricane Central)
Hurricane landfalls in July are not common, with only 24 years in 166 years of records seeing a hurricane make landfall in the continental U.S. in July.
All landfalls that have occurred were along the Gulf Coast and along the Southeast Coast. This is no surprise given the typical areas of tropical development in July, which are in the Gulf of Mexico, portions of the Caribbean and near the Bahamas to the Southeast coast.
The graph above breaks down how many landfalls each state has recorded in July. Given the size and location of both Texas and Florida, it is no surprise that those two states account for most of the landfalls.
Five of the seven landfalls in Florida have been in northwestern portions of the state from hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico.
Only nine hurricane landfalls in July have not been along the Gulf Coast.
Of those landfalls not along the Gulf Coast, North Carolina has seen the most, with four. Georgia is the only Southeastern state has not recorded a hurricane landfall in July.
Interestingly, Mississippi has only see one hurricane landfall in July; Alabama has experienced just two. This makes sense, given the smaller coastlines compared to other southern states.
The hurricane that struck Mississippi occurred over 100 years ago, in 1916 and made landfall as a Category 3 storm on July 5. This hurricane also impacted Alabama where the storm surge in Mobile reached 11.6 feet, which is still the highest storm surge on record for the city. This destructive hurricane led to 34 deaths and brought heavy rainfall which caused crop damage as far inland as Tennessee.
The Mississippi 1916 hurricane was one of two July landfalls that year, with the other one in South Carolina on July 14. The hurricane that made landfall in South Carolina resulted in more than $15 million in damage and more than 80 deaths. Much of the damage was due to severe river flooding.
Two other years also saw two hurricane landfalls in the U.S. in July: 1959 and 2005. In 1959, Hurricane Cindy made landfall as a Category 1 hurricane in South Carolina and on July 25 Hurricane Debra made landfall near Galveston, Texas.
In 2005, Hurricane Cindy came ashore west of Grand Isle, Louisiana on July 6. A few days later on July 10, Hurricane Dennis made landfall near Navarre Beach, Florida as a Category 3 hurricane. Air Force Bases at Eglin and Hurlburt reported over a half billion dollars in damage, but the most severe impacts from Dennis were in Haiti and Cuba. Dennis is one of only two July hurricanes that have had their names retired.
In addition to Hurricane Dennis and the 1916 Mississippi hurricane, two others were major hurricanes (Category 3 or higher on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) at the time of landfall in the U.S. The first, was a Category 3 hurricane that made landfall in Velasco, Texas on July 21, 1909 resulting in 41 deaths. The other major hurricane landfall in July was at Camp Walton, Florida on July 31, 1936.
Most recently, Hurricane Arthur made landfall in Shackleford Banks, North Carolina on July 3, 2014, which is the earliest North Carolina landfall on record. In 2008, Hurricane Dolly came ashore on South Padre Island, Texas, on July 23, causing an estimated $1.05 billion in damages.
MORE: Tropical Storm Cindy, June 2017 (PHOTOS)
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